Get to know a MMA cage
THE OCTAGONThe 750 square foot Octagon measures 32 feet across and 6 feet high, and was created with both safety and fairness in mind. Its walls and padded surfaces protect fighters from falling out (or getting thrown out). The wide angles prevent fighters from getting stuck in a corner with no way out. Since boxing is fought in a square ring and wrestling in a circle, the Octagon avoids giving any one martial arts discipline the advantage.While a fight is in progress, only the two fighters and one referee are allowed inside the cage. Between rounds, both gates are opened to allow the cornermen and cutmen to enter the cage.
The Octagon has a blue corner and a red corner, and fighters are assigned to each. They wear blue or red tape around their gloves to indicate which corner they are in for the particular bout. After making their entrance, the opponents wait in their respective corners until the ref starts the fight.
One referee is outside of the Octagon before the fight to inspect the body for any foulplay and to ensure that the fighter is wearing a cup and mouthpiece. Once a fighter has been inspected, they must immediately enter the cage. There is one referee in the cage to enforce the rules, instruct the fighters and, if necessary, stop the fight.
Cutmen are assigned to either the red or blue corner and work with whichever fighter is in that corner for the night. Before the fighter goes into the cage, a cutman applies vaseline to the the eyebrows and cheeks, which are the areas prone to cuts. The cutmen don’t enter the cage between rounds unless a fighter is cut or has facial swelling.
Cornermen are there to motivate and provide instruction between rounds and they are usually part of a fighter’s training camp. Only two people are allowed to enter the cage for each corner, so if a cutman is required, only one of the cornermen can enter between rounds. The cornermen also massage muscles, apply ice and provide water if necessary.
Three licensed judges score each round of every fight in case both men are still standing in the end. In these cases, the fight goes to decision and the winner is determined by the judges’ scores.
Joe Rogan and Mike Goldberg commentate on the fight from cageside. Once the fight is over, Joe Rogan will enter the cage and interview the fighters.
The UFC Execs watch the event from cageside seats. They decide who wins Submission of the Night, Knock Out of the Night and Fight of the Night and present the awards to fighters at the end of the event.